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Settling sidewalks and sloped uni-stone patios are common causes of water being directed against your foundation. This can allow water or moisture to penetrate you basement wall and even cause potential settling of your foundation. Always ensure your exterior grade will direct water away from your foundations.
Roof shingles come in many colours and patterns. Most typical shingles will have a life expectancy of 18 to 20 years. The shingles installed on the south side roof will normal show signs of deterioration first due to exposure to sunlight. The granular material of the shingle is there to protect your shingle from UV rays of sun. Although there are many shingles which are advertised as 25 or 30 year shingles, it is unusual to see them last more than a couple of extra years when compared to regular shingles.
Electrical wiring issues is by far the most common problem found in most older homes with a renovated basement. The wiring issues are usually un-supported electrical cables, missing junction boxes and adding circuits to existing breakers in main panel. This is always an indication that the home owner has done the work and a licensed electrician should be called in to inspect and repair all the wiring. I will typically recommend that potential buyers ask for an electrical certificate for home which indicates that all wiring has been inspected and passed by licensed electrician.
Any renovation in your home is required to have a building permit. Part of the building permit process is having plumbing, structure, electrical and insulation inspected by your local building officials or electrical authority. When a renovation is done with out taking out a building permit you run the risk of un-seen problems coming back to haunt you and most likely costing a great deal of money to repair.
Annual maintenance and caulking of exterior joints in your home can prevent needless repairs and save you hundreds of dollars. Caulking seams in window sills and ensuring mortar is still in place on brick window sills can save a lot of repairs for a couple of dollars. Just caulking your asphalt driveway at joint where it meets your garage can prevent separation and sinking of driveway.
When installing pot lights in an attic ensure your lights are designed to be installed in insulation. So many home owners just stick a pot light in there attic without checking. This is a huge waste of energy and is also a big fire risk. The insulation in the attic is usually disturbed and not replaced causing more energy loss and increased heating costs.
Light is basically divided into two categories for the purpose of thermal imaging, visible light and invisible light. There is an almost infinite range of light beyond human range of vision. Light, as described in physics, is an electromagnetic wave that propagates through space at a fixed speed. This wave is further identified by its wave length, frequency and energy. As displayed below the actual wavelengths visible to the human eye is quite small.
Human eyes only see light in the wavelength range from 400 to 750 nm (nanometers). X rays and Gamma rays were initially thought to be particle rays rather than light rays, hence the terms rays. Radio waves are an example of low-energy light waves, and they are often described in terms of their frequency.
Sir William Herschel way back in the 1800’s discovered the presence of the invisible spectrum by using a prism and thermometers. He called his discovery thermometric spectrum, later this came to be known as infrared.
Although un-able to detect the volume of air leakage in a building the infrared device can identify the area of leakage. This is a quick and reliable method for testing the building envelope for leaks or failure of systems. Cold areas are quickly detected by using a infrared camera in the hands of an experienced professional. Prevention and detection are the two main uses of Thermal Imaging.
The main benefits of using an infrared camera are these; investigating air leakage areas prior to enclosing a structure which can save both time and money. Preparing structure for more exhaustive testing if any problems are detected during thermal imaging scans; Finding areas of air movement or moisture penetration which may cause damage or failure to the building products. Potentially protecting you from future expenses and repairs; Any exterior air pathways through the building envelope can also allow moisture to penetrate which can then be protected once identified. Failure to find these deficiencies can lead to rotting or material and mould growth; Professional inspectors who perform Energy Audits use blower doors to create a negative pressure in the home. The infrared camera can then identify all areas of air passage in the home. This can save time and money and ensure all defects in building envelope are identified and corrected.
During home inspections the infrared camera can be used to find hidden water leaks, missing insulation and leaks in window and door areas. The Barrie Home Inspector has been using the Thermal Imaging camera on home inspections for the past eight years and was the first to use this technology in Simcoe County.
A basement is an area below the first floor with a minimum height of 6 feet 8 inches. Basements may be created using masonry blocks or poured concrete. Modern homes are typically constructed using forms and poured concrete. Many basements provide added living space, including bedrooms, bath, recreation rooms.
Water can easily enter basements as they are built below grade and are surrounded by soil. Rain and snow run off can create conditions where the water in the soil can leech into the basement through the porous concrete. New basements are typically constructed of poured concrete.
The roof on your home can collect over 600 gallons per 1000 square feet after 1 inch of rain has fallen. Install and maintain gutters and downspouts so that they route all rainwater and snow melt far enough away from the foundation of the building to ensure that pooling does not occur near the walls of the structure. At least 10 feet from the building is best, and at the point where water leaves the downspout, it should be able to flow freely away from the foundation instead of back toward it, and should not be collecting in pools.
One of the most important parts of your homes defense system is the weeping tile and sump pump combination. Weeping tile pipe is placed against and level to the bottom of the foundation footing. Once the weeping tile pipe is completely installed, coarse gravel is placed on top and level with the top of the footing. Any water build up is captured by the weeping tile and carried to the sump pit where it is pumped away from your home.
Newer homes basements are typically protected using a black dimpled product which is attached to perimeter of basement walls. Most home owners think this is a water proofing barrier designed to keep water away from their foundation. The wrap is actually designed to allow water to quickly drain down void, created by the dimples, and enter weeping tile. This prevents any hydraulic water build up against concrete prevent water intrusion.
A sump pump is a pump placed in the basement of a home used to pump water from the basement to the outside or drain into the home’s drainage system. Sump pumps usually work in conjunction with a sump pit, which is a hole dug in the basement of a house which collects water during a rainstorm. The pump then pumps the water out of that sump pit.. A sump pump is usually necessary either in cases where the home’s basement is below the water table level, and or when the home is located in a place where flooding is common.